Als Margaret Atwood ihren Roman Oryx und Crake, den 2003/2005 erschienenen ersten Teil ihrer MaddAddam-Trilogie schrieb, da bemerkte sie bestimmte Trends in der naturwissenschaftlichen Forschung und konnte als Autorin spekulativer Romane wohl nicht umhin, über die Konsequenzen dieser Trends nachzudenken.Weiterlesen
Das Bild eines Berufs
1957 befragten Magaret Mead und Rhoda Metraux mehr als 35.000 amerikanische Highschool-Schüler nach ihren Vorstellungen zu den Naturwissenschaften in Bezug auf den Beruf des Wissenschaftlers als spätere Karriereoption für sich selbst oder ihren späteren Partner. Dabei kam Erschreckendes über das Bild des Wissenschaftlers zu Tage: „as a career choice … the image is overwhelmingly negative“ (384).Weiterlesen
A new partnership of nations has begun, and we stand today at a unique and extraordinary moment. (…) Out of these troubled times, our fifth objective – a new world order – can emerge: A new era – freer from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice and more secure in the quest for peace.
George H. W. Bush 
Globalization and Empire
George Bush, Sr., former President of the United States, is famous for this promise that he gave in a speech in Congress on September 11th 1990. It was a promise for a utopian world of global union and peace that was ironically used to justify a war, which many considered more an act of policing than an act of conquest. For the authors of Empire, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, world police action such as this is emblematic of the constitution of a “new world order” of different magnitude. In their book Hardt and Negri posit that we are witnessing the constitution of a global system of power relations that they refer to as Empire. Empire is the result of the progression from modernity to post- modernity and of the decline of national sovereign power. It is expression of a global market and a worldwide flow of products, information and population. In their opinion, Empire usurps the sovereign vacuum and establishes a new world order. It should be noted, though, that Empire is not imperialism:
Oryx and Crake is a near-future dystopian novel with strong satiric undertones that revolves around the innovations of gene splicing and their consequences. The novel follows Snowman, the survivor of a global and apocalyptic gene plague, in his every day struggle for survival and in his caretaking of a new race of bioengineered posthumans called the Crakers. In order to hunt for supplies Snowman returns to the bioengineering facility where he used to work, and in flashbacks reveals his pre-apocalypse life as Jimmy, best friend and unwitting accomplice to Crake, the genius behind both the plague and Crakers.Weiterlesen